The play Othello comprises 5 acts each playing a significant part in the development of the plot. Iago’s cunning strength lies in his ability to undermine every single character through their weaknesses. The play ends with the suicide of Othelloand raises the feeling of pity among the readers and those who watch the play. Once Othello promotes Cassio to a prominent military role over Iago, Iago feels slighted. We've changed a part of the website. Iago manipulates such power structure as the military, race and gender to undermine Othello and bring about his ultimate downfall. Is Iago evil? Flashcards. A terrible storm has struck Cyprus, just as the Turks were about to approach. Indeed, not only is “seeing” and the gap between appearance and reality a central theme of the play, it overlaps with other major thematic strands and sheds light on still others, including the theme of patriarchy and the political state. Gravity. Read a character analysis of Othello, plot summary, and important quotes. The three focus scenes here are Act 1 Scene 3, Act 4 Scene 3 and Act 5 Scene 2. Its […]. Help! A messenger enters, and confirms that the Turkish fleet was broken apart by the storm, and that Cassio has arrived, though Othello is still at sea. The trait Iago abuses in Roderigo is his naive nature. Consequently, at the conclusion of Act 5, Othello should not be portrayed as a tragic hero, nor she he regain his prior noble stature, given his murderous and unwarranted actions, and the audience’s sympathies should lie with the play’s women. Help! Help! You can find out more about which cookies we are using or switch them off in settings. ... christmas onesie pajamas for adults on Analysis of a passage; animal onesies new look on Analysis of a passage; Archives. Help! It is based on the story Un Capitano Moro by Cinthio, first published in 1565. Attention must also be paid to Bianca, who plays an unknowing role in Othello’s jealousy. It tells the tale of Othello, a general from Moorish (North Africa) who marries a Venetian … Essay by redlauren, High School, 11th grade, September 2004 . The story of an African general in the Venetian army who is tricked into suspecting his wife of adultery, Othello is a tragedy of sexual jealousy. The focus scenes, according to this reading, are Act 1 Scene 3, Act 3 Scene 3 and Act 5 Scene 2. Dolan says that Othello can be linked to all these ‘spectres of disorder’. It is said to be part of the response to James I’s heroic poem, ‘Lepanto’. Iago is motivated not merely by jealousy, but by a lack of power and status, as demonstrated in his wife’s poor social status and his role as an “outsider” from the hierarchy of Venetian society and the army. He leads an intense life, swinging between triumph and dread. Othello cannot be excused from the murder of his wife. Perhaps when one […], Imagery, as defined by Webster’s Dictionary, is the use of vivid figurative language to represent objects, actions, or ideas. William Shakespeare’s Othello takes place in 16th-century Venice and also Cyprus. He vows to destroy Othello and Desdemona’s happiness in revenge. Othello is the brave General of the Venetian army who by listening to the deceitful Iago becomes falsely jealous of his wife, Desdemona. From the very start of the play, Iago cheats Roderigo of his money and later tricks him into attempting to kill Cassio: … Cinthio's Gli Hecatommithi, an Italian source for Othello and Measure for Measure. Emilia challenges the traditional female characteristic of silence, after Desdemona’s death expressing her anger saying, “As ignorant as dirt! also offered here. When Othello realises his jealousy was groundless he regains his faith in human nature and kills himself as an expression of morally deserved retribution. A feminist critic would consider the roles of the male and female characters in relation to the patriarchal context of the play. Othello is one of Shakespeare’s five best-known and widely studied tragedies, along with Hamlet, Macbeth, King Lear, and Romeo and Juliet.But as is so often with a well-known text, we don’t know this one nearly as well as we think we do: Othello has more in it than jealousy, the ‘green-eyed monster’, and (implied) racial hatred.These themes are central to the play’s power, but one of the … At the beginning of the play, during the Senate scene, the Duke should barely recognise Othello’s presence, Othello is a servant, a hired gun sent to Cyprus to do the Venetian state’s dirty work. A feminist reading also recognises that it is the men’s deplorable attitudes in regard to women and gender that in part caused the tragedy, for instance, Othello’s response to Emilia insistence that Desdemona is honest, “She says enough; yet she’s a simple bawd/That cannot say as much” (Act 4 Sc 2). Othello, in his speech to the Senate, which is usually considered noble and dignified, says “For such proceedings I am charged withal – I won his daughter.” (Act 1, Sc 3, 93-94). He is different from those around him, due to his origins and his life history, but he shares their religion, values, and patriotism to Venice. Othello who is a noble black warrior in the Venetian army that secretly married a beautiful white woman called Desdemona who is the daughter of a prominent senator named Brabantio. Othello is manipulated by the truly evil and duplicitous Iago who has so … Iago essentially writes the play’s main plot, takes a key part in it, and gives first-hand direction to the others, most notably to Othello. Strictly Necessary Cookie should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings. He cannot hold on to his authority with any confidence or security because he is different from the Venetians. (2016, Jul 14). Retrieved from http://studymoose.com/two-interpretations-of-othello-essay, Copying content is not allowed on this website, Ask a professional writer to help you with your text, Give us your email and we'll send you the essay you need, Please indicate where to send you the sample. A feminist reading stems from the fact that in Shakespeare’s times, women, whether married or not, fell roughly into two categories: that of a fair, innocent and virgin, or a cuckolding whore. The stillness of the bedroom scenes preceding Desdemona and Emilia’s murder are essential to this reading, both beautiful and dreadful, as the women are completely blind to their fate. Keywords Shakespeare, Controversy, Tragedy, Othello, Iago. His is the longest part with 1,070 lines. Two interpretations of Othello Essay. This can be visually and dramatically demonstrated by Iago’s physical dominance over Othello, as Othello writhes on the floor, and symbolises the role and power reversal that has taken place with Othello’s compliance, but without his knowledge. (Act 5, Scene 2, 165-68). With the development of psychoanalysis and its application to literary characters, twentieth-century critics have expanded […], Shakespeare’s tragedy Othello has been brought to the stage hundreds, thousands of times with many different interpretations and readings due to its vast history of literary debate and analysis. Its thematic concerns are expansive and open to interpretation: they range from tragedy, love, power, jealousy, trust, class and race, and the actions of its characters often … Although he was a man who was a leader, of high military/social standing, he was still simply a man. Othello: Study Guide | SparkNotes. She, as a woman, is a designated prize or asset to her father (owner), and then husband, as reflected Brabantio’s question, “Oh thou foul thief, Where hast thou stow’d my daughter?” as one “stows” their possessions. Othello is an outsider who is intelligent and confident in military matters but socially insecure. Shakespeare possibly wrote The Tragedy of Othello, the Moor of Venice in 1603 or 1604, as we know it was first performed on November 1, 1604, at court. Cassio greets them all, especially praising Desdemona; somehow, Iago and Desdemona enter into an argument about what … Perhaps he could give his eulogy speech in an upright stance, to symbolise this. When the violence settles and the Senate members, including the Duke, regain control at the end of Act 5 Scene 2, Lodovico’s closing speech should echo this, shifting the blame entirely onto Iago, reinforced by the lines “Look on the tragic loading of this bed:/ This is thy work”. Othello (/ oʊ ˈ θ ɛ l oʊ /) is a character in Shakespeare's Othello (c. 1601–1604). Ho! Othello’s Integrity . Learn. She clearly outlines the nature of women’s status: “You are lord of all my duty, / I am hitherto your daughter. For these reasons, I am proposing two potential readings, or interpretations of the play, a feminist reading and a reading based on the themes of class and power. Introduction. Don’t waste Your Time Searching For a Sample, Get Your Job Done By a Professional Skilled Writer. This text is NOT unique. Act 1 Scene 1 establishes the context of a patriarchal society, and this is continued in Act 1 Scene 3 with Desdemona summoned to the Senate to defend her new marriage. The only way she can gain independence from her father is by submitting to another man, her husband. that it is a Christian tragedy––Othello’s fall is a version of Adam’s, while the fate of Desdemona is an inversion of Eve’s ; or that its plot is incredible––or that the plot has ‘surrealistic rightness’. She receives Desdemona’s handkerchief from Cassio and gives it back to him when she discovers it is another woman’s. Its thematic concerns are expansive and open to interpretation: they range from tragedy, love, power, jealousy, trust, class and race, and the actions of its characters often provoke controversy and harsh criticism, from Othello’s “fatal flaw” of envy, to Desdemona’s trivial persistence and Iago’s sinister and deadly plotting. By doing this, she ultimately pays a price: her life. 0 Like 0 Tweet. This can be visually and dramatically demonstrated by Iago’s physical dominance over Othello, as Othello writhes on the floor, and symbolises the role and power reversal that has taken place with Othello’s compliance, but without his knowledge. She also suggests Othello is in an ambiguous position because of his race. In the context of this reading, Iago would be portrayed as a cynical sociopath, as opposed to inherently evil Machiavellian, willing to do whatever is required to get what he wants. Though I lost twenty lives. One of Othello’s admirable qualities is that he believes that men should be transparent and honest as he is; “Certain, men should be what they seem” (Act 3 Scene 3 Line 134). She, as a woman, is a designated prize or asset to her father (owner), and then husband, as reflected Brabantio’s question, “Oh thou foul thief, Where hast thou stow’d my daughter?” as one “stows” their possessions. Further, in Act 4 Scene 1, where Othello’s rage leads to an epileptic fit. Specifically, Othello and Roderigo are the main victims of his lies and deceit. Character Analysis Of Iago In Othello 1340 Words | 6 Pages. The stillness of the bedroom scenes preceding Desdemona and Emilia’s murder are essential to this reading, both beautiful and dreadful, as the women are completely blind to their fate. Attention must also be paid to Bianca, who plays an unknowing role in Othello’s jealousy. This kind of reading places emphasis on the class and power themes inherent in the play and its Victorian war setting, drawing attention to the villainy of the politicians and Senate of Venice, to whom Othello is just a slave to the state, and who fail to recognise the foul plot being played out in his army by Iago. This also accentuates the fact that, although very business-like and matter-of-fact, the Venetian state is playing with people’s lives. Iago asserts the power of his (apparent) friendship over Othello, resulting in Othello’s swift move to jealousy, and begins constructing a power structure of his own by guaranteeing Othello reliant on his opinion and ensuring that Othello cannot discuss the issue with his wife or his friend and lieutenant, Cassio. Feminist readings of the play explore the gender politics of Othello. I care not for thy sword; I’ll make thee known. Help! Two interpretations of Othello. The three focus scenes here are Act 1 Scene 3, Act 4 Scene 3 and Act 5 Scene 2. Emilia challenges the traditional female characteristic of silence, after Desdemona’s death expressing her anger saying, “As ignorant as dirt! Further, in Act 4 Scene 1, where Othello’s rage leads to an epileptic fit. Othello is convinced to ignore his conscience and generosity of spirit in favour of the self-aggrandisement that Iago suggests. The issues of class and power could be visually presented to the audience by the use of costume, dressing the characters, especially those who hold power, in business suits. By the close of the play, it should be clear that Othello was an expendable resource, and will be replaced by someone else, probably also an outsider, desperate to climb the ladder of authority. Written in 1603, Othello by Shakespeare is considered to be one of the best classic tragediesof all times. Get a verified writer to help you with Two interpretations of Othello. Murder! Critical Approaches to Othello There have been numerous interpretations of Othello over the last 400 years. Othello, in full Othello, the Moor of Venice, tragedy in five acts by William Shakespeare, written in 1603–04 and published in 1622 in a quarto edition from a transcript of an authorial manuscript.The text published in the First Folio of 1623 seems to have been based on a version revised by Shakespeare himself that sticks close to the original almost line by line but introduces numerous substitutions of … Match. Don't be confused, we're about to change the rest of it. Othello, the protagonist of the tragedy, the moor of Venice is trapped in the conspiracies of his competitors and subordinates. Many feminist critics have noted how female characters in Jacobean tragedies are victims who have limited power and are punished for their sexuality. This article discusses four recent critical approaches: feminist, new historicist, marxist and post-colonial. milliehodkinson. First performed around 1604, the play is also a pioneering exploration of racial prejudice. A feminist reading would give voice to the play’s three female characters: Desdemona, Emilia and Bianca (the play’s only female survivor), provoking sympathy within the audience for them and portraying them as the true victims of the avoidable tragedy. Character Analysis for Othello's Iago Pages: 3 (511 words) Iago from "Othello" Pages: 3 (531 words) Analysis of Iago Character in Shakespeare’s “Othello” Sample Pages: 6 (1289 words) Othello's Tragic Flaw in the Play by William Shakespeare Pages: 2 (486 words) Othello Literary Analysis Pages: 3 (736 words) Hire a Professional Writer Now. The audience should be left in no doubt, this is not merely Iago’s work, but also the state’s, by way of negligence. We are using cookies to give you the best experience on our website. A feminist reading also recognises that it is the men’s deplorable attitudes in regard to women and gender that in part caused the tragedy, for instance, Othello’s response to Emilia insistence that Desdemona is honest, “She says enough; yet she’s a simple bawd/That cannot say as much” (Act 4 Sc 2). The audience should be left in no doubt, this is not merely Iago’s work, but also the state’s, by way of negligence. They spot a ship coming forth ; but Iago, Iago might [ ]! And Measure for Measure wife, Desdemona, and important quotes despite his.! To symbolise this duality identifies him as a ‘ domestic tyrant who murders his wife Desdemona 'the... His eulogy speech in interpretations of othello ambiguous position because of his wife Desdemona is unfaithful confused, we 're about change! For Us Thank you a lot can gain independence from her father is by submitting to another man her... 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