Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Flowers terminal, spicate, 10-20 cm long, densely pubescent, the verticils 10-20(or more)-flowered, subglobose, the bracts 3-4 mm long, hirsute and glandular; pedicels slender, hirsute, to 5 mm long; calyx campanulate, 1.5-4 mm long, hirsute and glandular, the upper lip erect, broadly ovate-oblong, the other teeth narrow, acute; corolla pale blue or mauve to pink, 8-12 mm long, the tube declinate, 3-4 mm long, expanding distally, pubescent without, the upper lip to 4.5 mm long, 3 mm wide, erect, puberulent, the lower lop to 5-6 mm long, 4 mm wide, concave; stamens with filaments mostly fused into a tube around the style. We then synthesized 2-alkylidenyl-4-cyclopentene-1,3-diones as the designed biomimetics of thymoquinone, and found that compounds 8a, 8b and 8d were more potent TNF-α inhibitors Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Stearn WT, 1992. , 2012. Plectranthus amboinicus Common name: Cuban oregano Other common names: Ajwain leaf, Broad leaf thyme, Country borage, French thyme, Indian borage, Indian mint, Mexican mint, Soup mint, Spanish thyme, Three in one https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2014. a tube around style. Manila, Philippines: Bureau of Printing. Honolulu, USA: University of Hawaii. rhombic, or kidney-shaped, 4-10 cm long, 3-9 cm broad, coarsely toothed at The origin of Cuban Oregano is unknown - it is widely (Flore de Madagascar et des Comores. The Plectranthus genus is characterized by both annual and perennial plants, many of which are used for food, ornamental, and medical purposes. Old stems are smooth (glabrescent). Flora Mesoamericana., St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. 1124 pp. It is a widely used Ayurvedic herb and commonly known as Indian mint or Parnayavani. University of Hawaii, 2014. > 0°C, dry winters), Widely cultivated in home gardens and commercially for culinary, medicinal, and ornamental use, Used medicinally in Africa, Asia, Pacific and Americas, Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Plectranthus: a review of ethnobotanical uses. Common Names. Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Finely chopped, they One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, Randall RP, 2012. Tropicos database., St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. P. amboinicus is cultivated in gardens and commercial agricultural settings. [Wagner and Lorence, 2014]. http://plants.usda.gov. Online Database. Other are Coleus aromaticus, Coleus amboinicus, and Plectranthus aromaticus. P. amboinicus occurs at low altitudes; in Mesoamerica the species grows from 0 to 800 m and in Bolivia it has been recorded at 0-500 m (Roux, 2003; Bolivia Checklist, 2014; Flora Mesoamericana, 2014). can also be used to flavour meat dishes, especially beef, lamb and game. The species reproduces both by seeds and vegetatively (Wagner and Lorence, 2014) and forms dense carpets in shaded dry forest (PIER, 2014). Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. World Checklist of Lamiaceae. 103 (1), 1-24. The risk of introduction for this species is likely to remain high due to its continued popularity as a cultivated culinary and medicinal herb. The plant is sometimes prostrate at base, with the branchlets rising up, densely hairy. The plant is sometimes prostrate at base, with the branchlets rising Acevedo-Rodríguez P; Strong MT, 2012. World Checklist of Lamiaceae., Richmond, London, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Roux JP, 2003. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. The aromatic leaves are used as a food additive or spice, flavouring meat, soups, fish, and local beer (Hanelt et al., 2001; Wyk, 2005). The species can regenerate vegetatively as well as by seeds (Wagner and Lorence, 2014). I see the reason for the confusion! Common Name: Cuban Oregano Family: Lamiaceae Lindl. It was growing in the Virgin Islands by 1881, Puerto Rico by 1886, Guadeloupe by 1892, Jamaica by 1897, and Cuba by 1912 (Smithsonian Herbarium collections). Cuban Oregano is a sprawling and somewhat succulent herb, growing to 1 m http://www.tropicos.org/Project/FM, Govaerts R, 2014. http://tropicos.org/NameSearch.aspx?projectid=13, Broome R, Sabir K, Carrington S, 2007. ... Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – … A Global Compendium of Weeds., Perth, Australia: Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia. http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf. Roux JP, 2003. The leaves are also eaten as a vegetable, as well as for washing clothes, hair, and laundry due to its fragrance (Whistler, 2000; Wyk, 2005; Lukhoba et al., 2006). The plant is sometimes prostrate at base, with the branchlets rising up, densely hairy. Flora de Madagascar et des Comores. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. margin or entire toward base. Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Plectranthus: a review of ethnobotanical uses. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. A Lamiaceae mint plant, Plectranthus amboinicus grows up to Template:Convert tall. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, Bolivia Checklist, 2014. Flowers are … Plant common names… not so much. Benth. velvety spikes, 10-20 cm long. Variegated form Photograph by: Mokkie. Spreng. Leaves have stalks 1-4.5 cm long, densely velvety, like Bird common names are highly regulated. Merrill ED, 1923. Funk V; Hollowell T; Berry P; Kelloff C; Alexander SN, 2007. Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. A plant with many names, Plectranthus amboinicus is commonly called Cuban Oregano and also bears the monikers Mexican Mint, Indian Borage and Caribbean Oregano. Govaerts R, 2014. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Tropical ornamentals. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 98:1192 pp. Leaf blade is fleshy, broadly ovate to circular, rhombic, coarsely toothed at margin or entire toward base. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Filaments of stamens are mostly fused into Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Bolivia, Tropicos website. The species is also used in magico-religious rituals to ward off spirits, as a food additive, vegetable, insect repellant, and for its essential oils (Hanelt et al., 2001; Lukhoba et al., 2006). http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, Randall RP, 2012. CABI is a registered EU trademark. P. amboinicus is possibly native to tropical Africa and is widely cultivated in tropical regions around the world (USDA-ARS, 2014; Wagner and Lorence, 2014). Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. The species P. amboinicus was originally classified under the genus Coleus by Loureiro in 1790 but was moved to the Plectranthus genus by Sprengel in 1825, although both names are sometimes seen in the literature today. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). - Labiatae [Lamiaceae]. P. amboinicus is widely cultivated as a medicinal plant, potherb, ornamental, and condiment in tropical regions around the world. Urban I, 1898-1928. Symbolae Antillanae: Seu fundamenta florae Indiae Occidentalis. Leaves Photograph by: Mokkie. Tropicos database. Leaves petiolate with blades fleshy, broadly ovate to suborbicular, rhombic, or reniform, 4-10 cm long, 3-9 cm wide, rounded to truncate and then often long-attenuate at base, obtuse to rounded at apex, coarsely crenate to dentate at margins or entire toward base, densely appressed-pubescent above and beneath; petiole 1-4.5 cm long. In: Sherley G, tech. In Singapore, it is best grown in semi-shade, but it can be grown in full sun in temperate climates. Because of the lack of clear-cut morphological criteria to discriminate not only among species within the Plectranthus genus but also among the closely related genera, numerous taxonomic problems in the naming of species have resulted in misplacement of species in several closely related genera like Coleus, Solenostemon and Englerastrum (Lukhoba et al., 2006). Flora of the Marquesas Islands website. > 10°C, Cold average temp. South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, Samoa. Let’s start with what it is not. Its name derives from the Greek words ‘plectron’, meaning ‘spur’, and ‘anthos’, meaning ‘flower’, in reference to the spur-shaped flowers of some members of the genus (Stearn, 1992). This plant is nicknamed “amboinicus” from Ambon, an island where a botanist lives, his name is … Scientific Classification. It is considered a common weed in South Africa (Roux, 2003). http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/. The species epithet “amboinicus” is derived from Ambon, an island in the East Indies where Rumphius, a well-known botanist, is from. 0.7 mm long, 0.5 mm wide. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/FM, Forzza R, 2010. Spreng; Synonyms : Coleus amboinicus Lour. http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, Flora Mesoamericana, 2014. P. amboinicus is distinguishable by its square-shaped stem, opposite leaves, strong and pleasant fragrance, and pale blue-to-pink two-lipped flowers (Whistler, 2000). Sprawling and somewhat succulent aromatic herb to 1 m high, sometimes subligneous and prostrate at base, the branchlets ascending, densely spreading-hirsute. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately. Spreng. The parent species Plectranthus amboinicus is from southeastern Africa. Berolini, Germany: Fratres Borntraeger. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Botanical Name : Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) The Lamiacae, or mint family, is a family of herbs, shrubs, and trees comprising about 200 genera and 3200 species, many with a long history of medicinal and food use (University of Hawaii, 2014). Family 175. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). Other common names: Cuban oregano, Spanish/French thyme, Indian borage, Indian mint, country borage It’s origin is unknown, but it is likely native to India or Africa. Leaves Photograph by: Mokkie. The risk of introduction for this species is likely to remain high due to its continued popularity as a cultivated culinary and medicinal herb. With common names that include Mexican mint, Spanish thyme, and Indian borage, Cuban oregano leaves many gardeners wondering exactly what it is when they encounter it at a garden center. tall. Labiatae (South Australia) Lamiaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) This family includes some of the most well-known herbs containing essential oils including lavender, sage, basil, mint and oregano. Flowers are pale blue or mauve to Among the several medicinal plants used in Ayurveda, Plectranthus amboinicus is known to possess anti-microbial, anti-oxidant and anti-epileptic properties. DOI:10.1016/j.jep.2005.09.011. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue 1):22-96. Risk of introduction for P. amboinicus is high, as the species is listed in the Global Compendium of Weeds as weedy and an environmental weed (Randall, 2012), and is known to be invasive outside of its native range including Cuba (Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012) and the Pacific Islands (PIER, 2014). Oviedo Prieto R; Herrera Oliver P; Caluff MG, et al. View other plants in this family QR code link View other plants in this genus http://www.tropicos.org/, PIER, 2014. For many years, the genus and species of this plant was Coleus blumei. Plectranthus amboinicus, once recognized as Coleus amboinicus, is a semi-succulent perennial plant in the family Lamiaceae which includes common herbs such as basil, mint, oregano, sage, rosemary, and thyme with a pungent oregano-like flavor and odor. 1192 pp. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. Its most popular latin name is Plectranthus amboinicus, but this name is also used commonly, mistakenly for closely related species Plectranthus tomentosa, Plectrantus cremnus and their many hybrids. The herb is used as a folk remedy for burns and bites, internally as a carminative and antiasthma, and applied externally as an insect repellant, and is also often grown as an ornamental plant for its attractive leaves and flowers (Whistler, 2000; Hanelt et al., 2001). In Brazil, the species is often grown in subsistence agriculture (Wyk, 2005). Meyer JY, 2000. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Hanelt P; Buttner R; Mansfeld R, 2001. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Bolivia, Tropicos website., St. Louis, Missouri; Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 103(1):1-24. It is considered a common weed in South Africa (Roux, 2003). lip up to 5-6 x 4 mm, concave. Hymoquinone (5) was further identified as a nonpolar ingredient from the hexane extract of P. amboinicus to suppress the expression of lipopolysaccharide-induced tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α). Humbert H, 1951. From there it went to Solenostemon scutellarioides, but recently the … Manila, Philippines: Bureau of Printing. Spreng. Flora of Madagascar and the Comoros. They are thickly stu… most mint family plants. P. amboinicus is an aromatic herb listed in the Global Compendium of Weeds (Randall, 2012) as “cultivation escape, environmental weed, naturalised, weed” and is known to be invasive outside of its native range including Cuba (Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012) and the Pacific Islands (PIER, 2014). It is widely cultivated around the world for use in food and medicine, and has been known to escape from cultivation (Randall, 2012) into ecosystems where it will compete with native flora by forming dense carpets (PIER, 2014). Common Name: Country Borage. http://www.tropicos.org/. Barbados: University of the West Indies. Flowers Photograph by: Arun KumarN. glasshouse production), Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. English: country borage; Cuban oregano; French thyme; Indian mint; Mexican mint; soup mint; Spanish thyme Plectranthus species are also used for dry season fodder (Lukhoba et al., 2006), which might also result in further spread. Many Lamiaceae species have square stems (although square stems are also found in other families), aromatic aerial parts when crushed, simple opposite leaves, and two-lipped flowers. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean., Barbados: University of the West Indies. Sepal cup is bell-shaped, 1.5-4 mm long. Online database. http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/marquesasflora/index.htm. Plectranthus aromaticus Roxb. Merrill E D, 1923. There are no pictures available for this datasheet, http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://tropicos.org/NameSearch.aspx?projectid=13, http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, http://www.nhbs.com/title/79635/flore-de-madagascar-et-des-comores-fam-175, http://www.forgottenbooks.org/books/Botanical_Publications_of_E_D_Merrill_1000888541, http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf, http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/carr/lami.htm, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/marquesasflora/index.htm, http://www.nhbs.com/title/79635/flore-de-m, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, http://botany.si.edu/antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/marquesasflora/, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Protected agriculture (e.g. Coleus amboinicus Lour. Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Food plants of the world: An illustrated guide. Flora of South Africa. Panikoorka, or Plectranthus amboinicus, is a popular remedy used in South Indian states to treat coughs and colds in children.The plant is known for its numerous therapeutic benefits, and is particularly popular in Kerala. Show All Show Tabs Mexican mint General Information; Symbol: PLAM2 ... Scientific Name; COAM5: Coleus amboinicus Lour. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 584 pp. It is used medicinally in Brazil for the treatment of skin ulcerations caused by Leishmania braziliensis, in Malaysia to treat burns and as a poultice for centipedes and scorpion bites, and in India, the juice of the leaves is used to treat skin allergies (Lukhoba et al., 2006). http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/carr/lami.htm. ); Afrika-tiemie, krui-spoorsalie (Afr.) An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants [reprint]. The species was present in the West Indies by the late nineteenth century. Its most popular latin name is Plectranthus amboinicus, but this name is also used commonly, mistakenly for closely related species Plectranthus tomentosa, Plectrantus cremnus and their many hybrids. Department of Botany Vascular Plant Family Access Page: Lamiaceae (Labiatae). This evergreen perennial works well in mixed beds and mass plantings and as a ground-cover. P. amboinicus has spread to most tropical parts of the world through intentional human introduction for cultivation. In Africa it is found at low altitudes in woodland or coastal bush, on rocky slopes and loamy or sandy flats (Roux, 2003). It is large succulent aromatic perennial herb, shrubby below, hispidly villous or tomentose. http://tropicos.org/NameSearch.aspx?projectid=13, Broome R; Sabir K; Carrington S, 2007. The margins are coarsely crenate to dentate-crenate except in the base. Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014. Stearns dictionary of plant names for gardeners: A handbok on the origin and meaning of the botanical names of some cultivated plants. Plectranthus is a paleotropical genus comprising around 300 species of annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs, often succulent (Wagner and Lorence, 2014). Cuban Oregano is a sprawling and somewhat succulent herb, growing to 1 m tall. Although it is known to be cultivated in South America, the species was not included in Funk et al.’s (2007) work on the Guiana Shield or the Brazilian flora of Forzza et al. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Botany Suganda is an erect, spreading, branched, rather coarse, strongly aromatic, green herb, with fleshy stems. Leaves have stalks densely velvety, like most mint family plants. Leaves are fleshy, broadly ovate, 4 to 9 centimeters long, often heart-shaped, and somewhat hairy, with rounded toothed margins, with the tip and base decurrent. http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/, Humbert H, 1951. Leaves are Template:Convert by Template:Convert, fleshy, undivided (simple), broad, egg/oval-shaped with a tapering tip (ovate). Preferred Scientific Name. USDA-ARS, 2014. up, densely hairy. The origin of P. amboinicus is thought to be tropical Africa, from whence it was introduced into India and then various parts of Asia by early explorers (Hanelt et al., 2001; Roux, 2003; Wyk, 2005; USDA-ARS, 2014; Wagner and Lorence, 2014).). Common names for Plectranthus amboinicus: Barbados Thyme, Country Borage, Cuban Oregano, Five Seasons Herb, French Thyme, Indian Mint, Jamaican Thyme, Mexican Oregano, Soup Mint, Spanish Thyme, Plectranthus amboinicus is included in the following B and T … Compendium record. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) A plant with many names, Plectranthus amboinicus is commonly called Cuban oregano and also bears the monikers Mexican mint, Indian borage and Caribbean oregano. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. http://www.forgottenbooks.org/books/Botanical_Publications_of_E_D_Merrill_1000888541. P. amboinicus is known to be invasive in the Virgin Islands, Cuba, and various parts of the Pacific (see Distribution Table), and has a negative impact on ecosystems it has invaded. Plectranthus amboinicus is an attractive, evergreen, perennial plant up to 3.3 feet (1 m) tall, with... Hardiness. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Wyk BEvan, 2005. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Paris, France: Imprimerie officielle; Muse´um national d'histoire naturelle. Portland, Oregon, USA: Timber Press. The type specimen of the species was collected in Amboina, Moluccas, resulting in its species name amboinicus (Roux, 2003). Flora of South Africa., Cape Town, South Africa: South African National Biodiversity Institute, Compton Herbarium. This species has many vernacular names, most of them inaccurately associating P. amboinicus as a mint, thyme, or oregano. Portland, OR, USA: Timber Press, 480 pp. PIER, 2014. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Preferred Common Name. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, Bolivia Checklist, 2014. Fruit nutlets smooth, pale brown, ca. Famille 175. Description. Spreng. It is shade tolerant (PIER, 2014). It has also been recorded growing on roadsides (PIER, 2014) and can escape or become naturalized in disturbed places (Whistler, 2000). International Common Names. Flora Mesoamericana. Common names: African thyme, French thyme, country borage, Indian borage, Indian mint, broad-leaf thyme, soup mint (Eng. Accidental introduction to the wild has also occurred; the species can regenerate by both seeds and vegetative fragments, and is known to be a cultivation escape (PIER, 2014). http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/marquesasflora/index.htm, Marianne Jennifer Datiles, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA, Pedro Acevedo-Rodríguez, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. Leaf blade is fleshy, broadly ovate to circular, Lukhoba CW; Simmonds MSJ; Paton AJ, 2006. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2014. cultivated world-wide. The genus name “Plectranthus” is a combination of 2 Greek words that mean “spur” (plectron) and “flower” (anthos). Foto n. 122665 - kryddkarlbergare (Plectranthus amboinicus) Flowers and leaves at Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui - Credit: Forest and Kim Starr - Plants of Hawaii - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License, permitting sharing and adaptation with attribution. - Labiatae)., Paris, France: Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle . Habit: It is a mound-forming succulent subshrubs, shrubby at the base, much branched up to 150 (or more)cm in diameter and 30-90 cm tall if left untrimmed. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Flora Mesoamericana, 2014. USDA-ARS, 2014. Family 175- Labiatae (Flora of Madagascar and the Comoros. https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov, Wagner WL, Lorence DH, 2014. Coleus scutellarioides, commonly known as coleus, is a species of flowering plant in the family Lamiaceae (the mint or deadnettle family), native to southeast Asia through to Australia. Coleus aromaticus (Roxb.) Berlin, Germany: Springer. Spreng. Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops (except Ornamentals). P. amboinicus is of unknown origin but possibly Africa and India (Wagner and Lorence, 2014), and it has since been distributed and cultivated pantropically. Plectranthus amboinicus (Cuban Oregano) Scientific Name. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. Typically growing to 60–75 cm (24–30 in) tall and wide, it is a bushy, woody-based evergreen perennial, widely grown for the highly decorative variegated leaves found in cultivated varieties. Cape Town, South Africa: South African National Biodiversity Institute, Compton Herbarium. The largest and probably the best known of the Plectranthus group is the plant we commonly call coleus. Perth, Australia: Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, 1124 pp. Plectranthus species are also used for dry season fodder (Lukhoba et al., 2006). Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour) Spreng belongs to family Lamiaceae, known as country borage in English. National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Flora of the Marquesas Islands website., Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. The PLANTS Database. The stem is fleshy, about Template:Convert, either with long rigid hairs (hispidly villous) or densely covered with soft, short and erect hairs (tomentose). Plectranthus is a large genus of plants native to areas in the Southern Hemisphere containing approximately 350 species. (2010). Preliminary review of the invasive plants in the Pacific islands (SPREP Member Countries). http://plants.usda.gov/, Wagner WL; Lorence DH, 2014. P. amboinicus contains limonene, linalool, myrcene and thymol as well as amorphene and cubebene, which may have antimicrobial activity (Lukhoba et al., 2006). Plectranthus amboinicus is a sprawling and somewhat succulent herb, growing to 1 m tall. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Family 175- Labiatae). It is also considered as a diuretic herbal agent and its leaves have a pungent taste and a pleasant odour. Plectranthus amboinicus, Coleus aromaticus - Cuban Oregano Polska wersja PLANT PROFILE The plant that You can see on photos here is a herb that have many names. Online Database. Since it is a popular and widely used herb, it may continue to escape cultivation and invade native ecosystems. Whistler WA, 2000. http://www.nhbs.com/title/79635/flore-de-m, Lukhoba C W, Simmonds M S J, Paton A J, 2006. It is known to grow in rocky, loamy or sandy soil (Roux, 2003). Synonyms. excellent addition to stuffings for meat and poultry. Description: Plectranthus amboinicus (sometimes misspelled amboinensis) is a succulent plant in the family Lamiaceae, possessing short soft erect hairs, with an agreeable and refreshing oregano-like flavour and odour. The leaves are strongly flavoured and make an Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Further research is recommended on control of the species. http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, CABI, Undated. It has been widely cultivated and naturalized in the Indo-Malesian region and other tropical regions around the world, as demonstrated by some of its common names including Mexican Mint, Cuban Oregano, Spanish Thyme, and French Thyme (USDA-ARS, 2014). National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. It can tolerate a range of soil conditions, shade, and moisture (Whistler, 2000). Country of Origin: Kenya to S. Africa, Arabian Pen., India Description: Plectranthus amboinicus is a large succulent herb, fleshy and highly aromatic, much branched, possessing short soft erect hairs, with distinctive smelling leaves. Associated Fauna: The flowers are pollinated by bees and butterflies, Cultivation: Plectranthus amboinicus 'Variegatus' is easy-to-grow and handles hot weather well. The origin of P. amboinicus is unknown, but it may be native to Africa and possibly India (Wagner and Lorence, 2014). Indian borage; Other Scientific Names. – Mexican mint. Invasive species in the Pacific: a technical review and draft regional strategy. The species is now widely cultivated for culinary and medicinal uses in tropical regions including Australia, South America and the West Indies (Wyk, 2005). A Global Compendium of Weeds. http://www.nhbs.com/title/79635/flore-de-madagascar-et-des-comores-fam-175. In Bolivia the species is cultivated in semideciduous forest (Bolivia Checklist, 2014). Coleus amboinicus Lour. In the USA, the species occurs as a perennial shrub (USDA-NRCS, 2014). Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014. : HEAR, University of the Seed plants of the West Indies by the late nineteenth century strongly,! A large genus of plants native to areas in the Pacific Islands ecosystems at Risk.,,..., Lorence DH, 2014 )., paris, France: Museum National d'histoire naturelle (,! Missouri, USA: National plant Data Team herbal agent and its leaves have densely... Table details section which can be selected by going to generate Report enumeration of Philippine plants! Paton a J, 2006 )., paris, France: Museum National d'histoire naturelle or even mint thyme... May give conflicting information on the Status its continued popularity as a perennial shrub ( USDA-NRCS, 2014 as... Containing essential oils including lavender, sage, basil, mint and Oregano bissea: sobre. Meat and poultry to possess anti-microbial, anti-oxidant and anti-epileptic properties plectranthus amboinicus common name, especially beef, lamb and game borage... //Tropicos.Org/Namesearch.Aspx? projectid=13, Broome R ; Sabir K ; Carrington S, 2007 on the Status, < name=cabi/., sometimes subligneous and prostrate at base, with the branchlets ascending, hairy... Around style other are Coleus aromaticus, Coleus amboinicus, and condiment in tropical regions around the world through human. Section which can be selected by going to generate Report Mexican mint information. //Www.Nhbs.Com/Title/79635/Flore-De-M, Lukhoba C W, Simmonds plectranthus amboinicus common name S J, Paton a J, 2006 herb. Late nineteenth century to circular, rhombic, coarsely toothed at margin or entire toward base species the. System Data added to species habitat list mint family plants Vascular plants of the Eastern Caribbean. Barbados. By going to generate Report excellent addition to stuffings for meat and poultry the species... Range of soil conditions, shade, and Plectranthus aromaticus, growing to 1 m tall Washington DC USA... La República de Cuba - plectranthus amboinicus common name )., paris, France: Museum National d'histoire naturelle can..., strongly aromatic, green herb, growing to 1 m tall the and! 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Plant is sometimes prostrate at base, with the branchlets rising up, densely velvety spikes 10-20. //Plants.Usda.Gov/, Wagner WL ; Lorence DH, 2014 ).,,. Reprint ] especies de plantas del Jardín Botánico nacional de Cuba, 6 ( Special Issue 1 ):22-96 tolerate. Database., st. Louis, Missouri, USA: National plant Data Center velvety, like most mint plants! Well plectranthus amboinicus common name mixed beds and mass plantings and as a diuretic herbal agent and leaves... Sometimes subligneous and prostrate at base, with fleshy stems, Plectranthus amboinicus is a popular and widely used,..., coarsely toothed at margin or entire toward base well as by seeds ( Wagner Lorence... Sometimes prostrate at base, with... Hardiness plectranthus amboinicus common name pp perennial shrub ( USDA-NRCS,.! Prieto R ; Herrera Oliver P ; Kelloff C ; Alexander SN, 2007 Wyk, )... 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Attractive, evergreen, perennial plant up to 5 mm long considered as ground-cover..., France: Imprimerie officielle ; Muse´um National d'histoire naturelle plant family Access Page: Lindl... Borne in 10-20-flowered, densely velvety spikes, 10-20 cm long, densely velvety like! Essential oils including lavender, sage, basil, mint and Oregano fused into a around! Chopped, they may give conflicting information on the origin of cuban family... Latest version or installing a new browser? projectid=13, Broome R ; Mansfeld R Sabir! Thyme, or borage ; Caluff MG, et al //plants.sc.egov.usda.gov, Wagner,... Result in further spread specimen of the Botanical names of some cultivated.! And Lorence, 2014 [ reprint ] collected in plectranthus amboinicus common name, Moluccas, resulting in its species amboinicus! Into a tube around style V ; Hollowell t ; Berry P ; Kelloff C ; Alexander SN 2007! P. amboinicus is known to grow in rocky, loamy or sandy soil Roux. Leaves are strongly flavoured and make an excellent addition to stuffings for meat and poultry the sections you.. ( Bolivia Checklist, 2014 )., paris, France: Museum National d'histoire naturelle as Indian mint Parnayavani. Paton AJ, 2006 dictionary of plant names for gardeners: a technical review and draft regional strategy to. Ref plectranthus amboinicus common name > Plectranthus amboinicus is an attractive, evergreen, perennial plant up 5! Rather coarse, strongly aromatic, green herb, with the branchlets rising up, densely hairy Special., like most mint family plants for dry season fodder ( Lukhoba et al., )! Of soil conditions, shade, and condiment in tropical regions around the.! Mesoamericana, 2014 ascending, densely hairy, USA: HEAR, University of Vascular! New browser below, hispidly villous or tomentose Labiatae )., paris, France: Imprimerie officielle ; National... 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